Jargon buster

Deciphering those acronyms and expressions

1844: Swiss customs form
185’: American slang for the volume a standard ‘Lift Van’ can contain – 185cuft.  The gross volume is normally 210cuft
5 Pallet Motor: A truck / lorry that has 5 side doors for storage containers
7.5t / 16t / 17t / 7.5r / 16r / 17r: Various truck sizes ie 7.5t = 7.5 tonne truck and so forth
A.G.WT: Actual gross weight of a vehicle
Ad.Val Ad Valorem: A port charge mainly used in South Africa
ADR: A European agreement for the international safe carriage of dangerous goods
ADS: Abels distribution system
AEI (Air Express International): See DHL
AFD: Postcode finder
AFM (Air freight module): The outer case that the cartons are packed into for shipping by airfreight.  A thin pallet base (so as not to increase volumetric weight) that allows safe movement by the airline consolidator and a tri-wall carton or wooden case over wrap which is waterproof
AMS (Automated manifest system): For clients moving to USA the customers UK and US address, passport number, date of birth and full name must be provided the shipping line
AOQ: Acceptance of quotation
Artic (Articulated truck): this is a large vehicle consisting of a tractor unit (front) and trailer
ASL: A shipping freight company which assists Abels with import customs clearance and providing UCR numbers
AWB (Airway Bill): shipping document for sending goods by air produced by the airline
BAC (Bunker adjustment charge): this is a charge for fuel
BAF (Bunker adjustment factor): this is a charge for fuel
BAR: British Association of Removers  (see our profile of BAR)
Barrow: Metal frame with two wheels which tilts and enables the crew to carry heavy items
BOL (Bill of Lading): Sea freight shipping document produced by the shipping line.  Normally original which means Abels remain in control of the container
BSI: British Standards Institution, the accreditor for Abels quality assurance (ISO9001)(see our profile on quality assurance)
C3: UK customs form
CABAF (Currency and bunker adjustment factor): charges for fuel and money conversions
CAC (Currency adjustment charge): charge for money conversions
CAF (Currency adjustment factor): charge for money conversions
CAPLIS: European fual card which is also used for tolls
Cargo Dues: A port charge mainly used in South Africa
CAS (Currency adjustment surcharge): surcharge relating to money conversion
CFC / HFC’s / HCFC’s: Gases used in pre-charged equipment such as fridges and freezers.
CIF: Cost insurance and freight value
CLM: Customer liaison manager
Consolidator: Company that brings together a number of shipments for one destination to qualify for better shared container rates.
Container: This contains customer’s goods when being shipped and can be either 20ft or 40ft.  20ft holds 30cum or 1050cuft of effects
CPV: Common procurement vocabulary
CSA: Customer service advisor
CSM: Customer service manager
CUFT: Cubic feet
CUM / m3: Cubic metres (35cuft to a cum)
DA: Destination agent – removals company in the destination country
Dart Tag: Sticker displayed in vehicles to allow crossing of the Dartford Tunnel / Bridge
Debtor: Who is paying the bill (private individual or company)
Demurrage: Charge by shipping line for the rent of the container after the free period (usually 3 – 10 days)
Derangement: Electrical or mechanical item not working on arrival with no external evidence of damage to item or packaging
DHL Danzas: The airline that Abels usually import and export airfreight through (also called AEI)
DHL Invoice: Terminology FSH Fuel charge
CHH: Handling charge
AWH: Documentation fee
SSF: War risk
SXF: Security fee
NSH: NES / AMS fee
Dolly: Wheels used to manoeuvre goods
DUCR: See UCR
Effects: Property belonging to our client
ETA: Estimated time of arrival
ETD: Estimated time of departure
EXP: Export pack
EXPLSC: Export pack and load shipping container
EXPLSK: Export pack and load storage container
Export: Goods being shipped out of the UK
Express Release: Relates to Waybill’s when on ‘Express Release’ – the person named in the consignee section can take ownership of the container when it arrives at port of destination
FAC: Freight agents commission
Faim: The quality accreditation from FIDI. Abels is audited by Ernst & Young (see our profile of FIDI FAIM)
FCA: Financial Conduct Authority
FCL: Full container load – for 20ft and 40ft containers
FIDI: International Furniture Movers Federation  (see our profile of FIDI)
FMI Freight Movers International: – a company used by Abels which specialises in LCL shipments
FOB (Free on board): No additional charges apart from freight (i.e. haulage / doc’s / THC’s etc have been included)
Forwarder: Consolidator or agent who is shipping the goods
FOT (Free on truck): No charges to hand out from warehouse
GBP: Great British Pound
General average: Maritime law states that all parties in a vessel share the costs of loss of goods or expenditure in an emergency to save the vessel.  A customer can insure their freight and packing costs with Abels to cover this risk
GDP (Gross domestic product): A country’s economic output
GIT: Goods in transit – usually relates to insurance
GPG (Groupage): – a container which is shipped with a combination of several clients’ effects in
Gross: Weight / volume when packed into a module or outer crate
GST (General Service Tax): – Australian version of VAT, currently at 10%
HAWB: House airway bill
HHG / HHGFAA: House Hold Goods Association of America – now known as the International Association of Movers (see our IAM profile page)
Hot Box: Carton we use for placing all small items within i.e. keys, fittings etc so they don’t get lost
HT (Heat treated): Used in conjunction with crates, the wood has a stamp on it as proof
Import: Goods coming into the UK
IIP: Investors In People – a training accreditation which Abels has held for over 15 years (see our profile of IIP)
IPT: Insurance Premium Tax (currently 5%)
ISO 9001 – 2008: A quality standard that Abels is audited to ensuring commitment to quality (see our quality assurance page)
IT: Information technology
LBS: Pounds (Weight)
LCL (Less than container load): – packed goods are loaded into ‘Lift Vans’, these can be any size but a standard ‘Lift Van’ holds 185cuft and gross volume 210cuft.  These are then taken to a shipping consolidator and loaded into a 20ft or 40ft container.  This is considered a direct and fast shipping method, only slightly slower than FCL
LEZ / Congestion Charge Low Emission Zone: charged when entering London
Lift Van: Wooden transit crates
MAWB: Master airway bill
MTC (The Movers Trading Club): – the company that sets freight rates
NCWT: Net Cubic Weight – per 100lbs.  So based on actual weight of box or convert at 7lbs per cuft
NES: New export system and UCR
Net: Actual weight / volume
NOR: None operating reefer – see Reefer
NVOCC (None Vessel Operating Common Carrier): – a shipping line that does not run its own fleet of vessels (you often pay more THC’s for this shipment) they just book space on the main shipping lines vessels
OA (Origin agent): Removal company starting the process
OBL (Original / ocean bill Of lading): Shipping lines documentation for sea shipments
OFT:  Office of Fair Trading
OOS: Out Of Store
P/L: Part Load
P/L or P&L: Pack and load (on quote / costing sheets)
PBA: Packed by Abels
PBO: Packed by owner
POA: Where all distribution trips are planned within TPS
POD: Port of departure
POD (Proof of delivery): Signed documentation confirming the receipt of the goods.  Abels always send POD’s to our agent when we undertake an import delivery and we must receive a POD from our overseas agent following an export (this is a FIDI requirement)
POD (Payment on delivery): (an uncommon occurrence) but its when crews receive payment in cash only from a customer at the time of the delivery
POE: Port of entry
PSC (Port Service Charge): Port fees for handling a container
Quay Rent: Charge by a port for space occupied in the container park after rent free period (3 – 10 days)
Reefer: Normally a 20ft container – a non-operating refrigeration container
Rigid: Non-articulated lorry
Road Train: Rigid lorry pulling a trailer behind – this offers the largest removal vehicle possible in UK/EU
RO / RO Roll On / Roll Off: Refers to cars being loaded onto a vessel in the manner much the same as a ferry, except it is shipped overseas unaccompanied.  Cheaper than in a container
Skate: Four wheels on a piece of rubber covered wood 40x30cm’s – used to move furniture
Shoe: Similar to a skateboard which fits under the side of a Grand Piano for transportation
Shuttle: Use of a smaller vehicle due to tight access to allow the loading of a shipping container or larger removal vehicle
SIS: Sort in store
STC (Said to contain): Crew use this when owners have packed and marked the boxes.  The crew write: STC – Clothing PBO
Storage Box / Container: Wooden storage container used for the general storage of personal effects.  Internal dimensions 84 x 60 x 88 inches
Suite Box: Wooden storage box that allows a three-seat sofa to be stored with two armchairs  stored above it (on their feet) this prevents damage to the pieces and the material
T2L: Customs form
T&C: Terms and Conditions
‘T’ Card: Mode of communication to operations department regarding a customer’s move
Telex Release: see Express Release
TEU (Twenty foot Equivalent Unit):  1 TEU = 20ft container, 2 TEU = 40ft container
THC: Terminal Handling Charge
Through-Bill of Lading: If we ship to an in-land terminal (not a sea port) then we would ship on a ‘Through-Bill’ to that terminal i.e. Atlanta GA USA – we would ship on a ‘Through-Bill’ via Savannah (see the MTC FRF)
Tranship: See “shuttle”.
Transhipment: Where a container is loaded on a vessel and then arrives into another international port and is then removed from the original vessel and loaded on to another vessel for onforwarding
Transit: method of move: road, sea or air
UAT: Fuel service card
UCR (DUCR) (Unique consignment reference): Abels contact ASL with our client ID and they provide this number i.e. 9DCR -8GB597333307000-AE12345-98765 –  8=year / GB597…AE-=always the sa
me / 12345=ASLs number / 98765=Abels client ID
USC: Unload shipping container
USD: United States Dollar
VAT: Value Added Tax
Volumetric weight: Used mainly for airfreight as we are charged on weight or volume, whichever is the greater, i.e. 10cuft gross with an actual weight of 30kgs (10 (cuft) x 4.72kgs = 47.20kgs) therefore the airline will charge on 47.20kgs rather than on 30kgs.  OR 10cuft gross with an actual weight of 60kgs (10 (cuft) x 4.72kgs = 47.20kgs) therefore the airline will charge on 60kgs rather than 47.20kgs
Waybill: In-houses schedule and an express release shipping document not an original, similar to BOL
Wharfage: A port charge
W/M: Weight / Measure.  Meaning per cubic meatre / 1000kgs – whichever is greater